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Taxonomy of the Genus Mycobacterium (Coordinator: E. Tortoli)

click here to read the paper Adékambi T., Berger P., Raoult D., Drancourt M. rpoB gene sequence-based characterization of emerging non-tuberculous mycobacteria with descriptions of Mycobacterium bollettii sp. nov., Mycobacterium phocaicum sp. nov. and  Mycobacterium aubagnense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 56:133-143, 2006.

click here to read the paper Adékambi T., Reynaud-Gaubert M., Greub G., Gevaudan M.J., La Scola B., Raoult D., Drancourt M. Amoebal coculture of "Mycobacterium massiliense" sp. nov. from the sputum of a patient with hemoptoic pneumonia. J.Clin.Microbiol. 42:5493-5501, 2004.

click here to read the paper Adékambi T., Stein A., Carvajal J., Raoult D., Drancourt M. Description of Mycobacterium conceptionense sp. nov., a Mycobacterium fortuitum group organism isolated from a postraumatic osteitis inflammation. J.Clin.Microbiol. 44:1268-1273, 2006.

click here to read the paper Adékambi T., Raoult D., Drancourt M. Mycobacterium barrassiae sp. nov., a Mycobacterium moriokaense group species associated with chronic pneumonia. J.Clin.Microbiol. 44:2403-2408, 2006.

click here to read the paper Aranaz A., Cousins D., Mateos A., Dominguez L. Elevation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 to species rank as Mycobacterium caprae  comb. nov., sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 53:1785-1789, 2003.

click here to read the paperBen Salah I., Cayrou C., Raoult D., Drancourt M. Mycobacterium marseillense sp. nov., Mycobacterium timonense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium bouchedurhonense sp. nov., novel species in the Mycobacterium avium complex.  Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:epub a.o.p., 2009.

click here to read the paper Böddinghaus B., Rogall T., Flohr T., Blöcker H., Böttger E.C. Detection and identification of mycobacteria by amplification of rRNA. J.Clin.Microbiol. 28:1751-1759, 1990

click here to read the paper Brown B.A., Springer B., Steingrube V.A., Wilson R.W., Pfyffer G.E., Garcia M.J., Menendez M.C., Rodriguez-Salgado B., Jost K.C., Jr., Chiu S.H., Onyi G.O., Böttger E.C., Wallace R.J., Jr. Mycobacterium wolinskyi sp. nov. and Mycobacterium goodii sp. nov. rapidly growing species related to Mycobacterium smegmatis and associated with human wound infections: a cooperative study from the International Working Group on Mycobacterial Taxonomy. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 49:1493-1511, 1999.

click here to read the paper Brown-Elliott B.A., Wallace R.J., Jr. Clinical and taxonomic status of pathogenic nonpigmented or late-pigmenting rapidly growing mycobacteria. Clin.Microbiol.Rev. 15:716-746, 2002.

click here to read the paper Cloud J.L., Meyer J.J., Pounder J.I., Jost K.C., Jr., Sweeney A., Carrol K.C., Woods G.L. Mycobacterium arupense sp. nov., a non-chromogenic bacterium isolated from clinical specimens. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 56:1413-1418, 2006.

click here to read the paper Cooksey R.C., de Waard J.H., Yakrus M.A., Rivera I., Chopite M., Toney S.R., Morlock G.P., Butler W.R. Mycobacterium cosmeticum  sp. nov., a novel rapidly growing species isolated from a cosmetic infection and from a nail salon. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:2385-2391, 2004.

click here to read the paper Derz K., Klinner U., Schuphan I., Stackebrandt E., Kroppenstedt R.M.  Mycobacterium pyrenivorans sp. nov., a novel polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-degrading species. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:2313-2317, 2004.

click here to read the paper Domenech P., Jiménez M.S., Menendez M.C., Bull T.J., Samper S., Manrique A., Garcia M.J. Mycobacterium mageritense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 47:535-540, 1997.

click here to read the paper Fanti F., Tortoli E., Hall L., Roberts G.D., Kroppenstedt R.M., Dodi I., Conti S., Polonelli L., Chezzi C. Mycobacterium parmense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1123-1127, 2004.

click here to read the paper Floyd M.M., Guthertz L.S., Silcox V.A., Duffey P.S., Jang Y., Desmond E.P., Crawford J.T., Butler W.R. Characterization of an SAV organism and proposal of Mycobacterium triplex sp. nov. J.Clin.Microbiol. 34:2963-2967, 1996.

click here to read the paper Gomila M., Ramirez A., Gascó J., Lalucat J. Mycobacterium llatzerense sp. nov., a facultatively autotrophic, hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium isolated from haemodialysis water. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 58:2821 - 2827, 2008.

click here to read the paper Haas W.H., Butler W.R., Kirschner P., Plikaytis B.B., Coyle M.B., Amthor B., Steigerwalt A.G., Brenner D.J., Salfinger M., Crawford J.T., Böttger E.C., Bremer H.J. A new agent of mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children: Mycobacterium heidelbergense sp. nov. J.Clin.Microbiol. 35:3203-3209, 1997.

click here to read the paper Han X.Y., Seo Y.H., Sizer K.C., Schoberle T, May G.S., Spencer J.S., Li W., Nair R.G. A new Mycobacterium species causing diffuse lepromatous leprosy. Am.J.Clin.Pathol. 130:856-864, 2008.

click here to read the paper Hennessee C.T., Seo J.S., Alvarez A.M., Li Q.X. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 59:378-?????????????, 2008.

click here to read the paper Jimenez M.S., Campos-Herrero M.I., Garcia D., Luquin M., Herrera L., Garcia M.J. Mycobacterium canariasense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1729-1734, 2004.

click here to read the paper Kiska D.L., Turenne C.Y., Dubansky A.S., Domachowske J.B. First case report of catheter-related bacteremia due to "Mycobacterium lacticola". J.Clin.Microbiol. 42:2855-2857, 2004.

click here to read the paper Kleespies M., Kroppenstedt R.M., Rainey F.A., Webb L.E., Stackebrandt E. Mycobacterium hodleri sp. nov., a new member of the fast-growing mycobacteria capable of degrading polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 46:683-687, 1996.

click here to read the paper Koukila-Kähkölä P., Springer B., Böttger E.C., Paulin L., Jantzen E., Katila M.L. Mycobacterium branderi sp. nov., a new potential human pathogen. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 45:549-553, 1995.

 click here to read the paper Lamy B., Marchandin H., Hamitouche K., Laurent F. Mycobacterium setense sp. nov., a Mycobacterium fortuitum-group organism isolated from a patient with soft tissue infection and osteitis. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 58:486-490, 2008.

click here to read the paper Lee H., Lee S.A., Lee I.K., Yu H.K., Park Y.G., Hyun J.W., Kim K., Kook Y.H., Kim B.J. Mycobacterium paraseoulense sp. nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic species genetically related to Mycobacterium seoulense. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:epub a.o.p., 2009.
click here to read the paper Levi M.H., Bartell J., Gandolfo L., Smole S.C., Costa S.F., Weiss L.M., Johnson L.K., Osterhout G., Herbst L.H. Characterization of Mycobacterium montefiorense sp. nov., a novel pathogenic mycobacterium from moray eels that is related to Mycobacterium triplex. J.Clin.Microbiol. 41:2147-2152, 2003.

 click here to read the paper Masaki T., Ohkusu K., Hata H., Fujiwara N., Iihara H., Yamada-Noda M., Nhung P.H., Hayashi M., Asano Y., Kawamura Y., Ezaki T. Mycobacterium kumamotonense sp. nov. recovered from clinical specimen and the first isolation report of Mycobacterium arupense in Japan: novel slowly growing, nonchromogenic clinical isolates relaed to Mycobacterium terrae complex. Microbiol.Immunol. 50:889-897, 2006.

click here to read the paper Mijs W., de Haas P., Rossau R., van der Laan T., Rigouts L., Portaels F., van Soolingen D. Molecular evidence to support a proposal to reserve the designation Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium for bird-type isolates and 'M. avium subsp. hominissuis' for the human/porcine type of M. avium. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 52:1505-1518, 2002.

click here to read the paper Mohamed A.M., Iwen P.C., Tarantolo S., Hinrichs S.H. Mycobacterium nebraskense sp. nov., a novel slowly growing scotochromogenic species. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:2057-2060, 2004.

click here to read the paper  Mun H.S., Kim H.J., Oh E.J., Kim H., Bai G.H., Yu H.K., Park Y.G., Cha C.Y., Kook Y.H., Kim B.J. Mycobacterium seoulense sp. nov., a slowly growing scotochromogenic species. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 57:594-599, 2007.

 click here to read the paper Mun H.S., Park J.H., Kim H., Yu H.K., Park Y.G., Cha C.Y., Kook Y.H., Kim B.J. Mycobacterium senuense sp. nov., a slowly growing non-chromogenic species closely related to the Mycobacterium terrae complex. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 58:641-646, 2008.

click here to read the paper Murcia M.I., Tortoli E., Menendez M.C., Palenque E., Garcia M.J. Mycobacterium colombiense, sp. nov., a new member of the Mycobacterium avium complex and description of MAC-X as a new ITS genetic variant. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 56:2049-2054, 2006.

click here to read the paper Okazaki M., Ohkusu K., Hata H., Ohnishi H., Sugahara K., Kawamura C., Fujiwara N., Matsumoto S., Nishiuchi Y., Toyoda K., Saito H., Yonetani S., Fukugawa Y., Yamamoto M., Wada H., Sejimo A., Ebina A., Goto H., Ezaki T. Watanabe T. Mycobacterium kyorinense sp. nov., a novel, slow-growing species, related to Mycobacterium celatum, isolated from human clinical specimens. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:1336-1341, 2009.

click here to read the paper Picardeau M., Prod'Hom G., Raskine L., Lepennec M.P., Vincent V. Genotypic characterization of five subspecies of Mycobacterium kansasii. J.Clin.Microbiol. 35:25-32, 1997.

click here to read the paper Pourahmad F., Cervellione F., Thompson K.D., Taggart J.B., Adams A., Richards R.H. Mycobacterium stomatepiae sp. nov., a slowly growing, non-chromogenic species isolated from fish. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 58:2821-2827, 2008.

click here to read the paper Reischl U., Emler S., Horak Z., Kaustova J., Kroppenstedt R.M., Lehn N., Naumann L. Mycobacterium bohemicum sp. nov., a new slow-growing scotochromogenic mycobacterium. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 48:1349-1355, 1998.

click here to read the paper Reischl U., Melzl H., Kroppenstedt R.M., Miethke T., Naumann L., Mariottini A., Mazzarelli G., Tortoli E. Mycobacterium monacense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 56:2575-2578, 2006.

 click here to read the paper Richter E., Tortoli E., Fischer A., Hendricks O., Engel R., Hillemann D., Schubert S., Kristiansen J.E. Mycobacterium alsiense, a novel, slowly growing species isolated from two patients with pulmonary disease. J.Clin.Microbiol. 45:3837-3839, 2007.

click here to read the paper Rhodes M.W., Kator H., Kotob S., van Berkum P., Kaattari I., Vogelbein W., Quinn F., Floyd M.M., Butler W.R., Ottinger C.A. Mycobacterium shottsii sp. nov., a slowly growing species isolated from Chesapeake Bay striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 53:421-424, 2003.

click here to read the paper Rhodes M.W., Kator H., McNabb A., Deshayes C., Reyrat J.M., Brown-Elliott B.A., Wallace R., Jr., Trott K.A., Parker J.M., Lifland B., Osterhout G., Kaattari I., Reece K., Vogelbein W., Ottinger C.A. Mycobacterium pseudoshottsii sp. nov., a slowly growing chromogenic species isolated from Chesapeake Bay striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 55:1139-1147, 2005.

click here to read the paper Roth A., Reischl U., Schonfeld N., Naumann L., Emler S., Fischer M., Mauch H., Loddenkemper R., Kroppenstedt R.M. Mycobacterium heckeshornense sp. nov., a new pathogenic slowly growing Mycobacterium sp. causing cavitary lung disease in an immunocompetent patient. J.Clin.Microbiol. 38:4102-4107, 2000.

click here to read the paper Roth A., Mauch H., Schönfeld N., Loddenkemper R., Reischl U., Naumann L., Kroppenstedt R.M. Description of Mycobacterium heckershornense sp. nov. J.Clin.Microbiol. 39:3023-3024, 2002.

click here to read the paper Schinsky M.F., Morey R.E., Steigerwalt A.G., Douglas M.P., Wilson R.W., Floyd M.M., Butler W.R., Daneshvar M.I., Brown-Elliott B.A., Wallace R.J., Jr., McNeil M.M., Brenner D.J., Brown J.M. Taxonomic variation in the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex: description of Mycobacterium boenickei sp. nov., Mycobacterium houstonense sp. nov., Mycobacterium neworleansense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium brisbanense sp. nov. and recognition of Mycobacterium porcinum from human clinical isolates. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1653-1667, 2004.

click here to read the paper Schröder K.H., Neumann L., Kroppenstedt R.M., Reischl U. Mycobacterium hassiacum sp. nov., a new rapidly growing thermophilic mycobacterium. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 47:86-91, 1997.

click here to read the paper Selvarangan R., Wu W.K., Nguyen T.T., Carlson L.D., Wallis C.K., Stiglich S.K., Chen Y.C., Jost K.C., Jr., Prentice J.L., Wallace R.J., Jr., Barrett S.L., Cookson B.T., Coyle M.B. Characterization of a novel group of mycobacteria and proposal of Mycobacterium sherrisii sp. nov. J.Clin.Microbiol. 42:52-59, 2004.

click here to read the paper Shojaei H., Goodfellow M., Magee J.G., Freeman R., Gould F.K., Brignall C.G. Mycobacterium novocastrense sp. nov., a rapidly growing photochromogenic mycobacterium. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 47:1205-1207, 1997.

click here to read the paper Shojaei H., Magee J.G., Freeman R., Yates M., Horadagoda N.U., Goodfellow M. Mycobacterium elephantis sp. nov., a rapidly growing non-chromogenic mycobacterium isolated from an elephant. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 50 Pt 5:1817-1820, 2000.

click here to read the paper Springer B., Kirschner P., Rost-Meyer G., Schröder K.H., Kroppenstedt R.M., Böttger E.C. Mycobacterium interjectum, a new species isolated from a patient with chronic lymphadenitis. J.Clin.Microbiol. 31:3083-3089, 1993.

click here to read the paper Springer B., Böttger E.C., Kirschner P., Wallace R.J., Jr. Phylogeny of the Mycobacterium chelonae-like organism based on partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and proposal of Mycobacterium mucogenicum sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 45:262-267, 1995.

click here to read the paper Springer B., Tortoli E., Richter I., Grünewald R., Rüsch-Gerdes S., Uschmann K., Suter F., Collins M.D., Kroppenstedt R.M., Böttger E.C. Mycobacterium conspicuum sp. nov., a new species isolated from patients with disseminated infections. J.Clin.Microbiol. 33:2805-2811, 1995.

click here to read the paper Springer B., Wu W.K., Bodmer T., Haase G., Pfyffer G.E., Reiner M., Kroppenstedt R.M., Schröder K.H., Emler S., Kilburn J.O., Kirschner P., Telenti A., Coyle M.B., Böttger E.C. Isolation and characterization of an unique group of slowly growing mycobacteria: description of Mycobacterium lentiflavum sp. nov. J.Clin.Microbiol. 34:1100-1107, 1996.

click here to read the paper Stahl D.A., Urbance J.W. The division between fast- and slow-growing species corresponds to natural relationship among the mycobacteria. J.Bacteriol. 172:116-124, 1990.

click here to read the paper Torkko P., Suomalainen S., Iivanainen E., Suutari M., Tortoli E., Paulin L., Katila M.L. Mycobacterium xenopi and related organisms isolated from stream waters in Finland and description of Mycobacterium botniense sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 50:283-289, 2000.

click here to read the paper Torkko P., Suomalainen S., Iiavanainen E., Tortoli E., Suutari M., Seppänen J., Paulin L., Katila M.L. Mycobacterium palustre sp. nov., a potentially pathogenic slow-growing mycobacterium isolated from veterinary and clinical specimens, and Finnish stream water. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 52:1519-1525, 2002.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Piersimoni C., Kirschner P., Bartoloni A., Burrini C., Lacchini C., Mantella A., Muzzi G., Passerini Tosi C., Penati V., Scarparo C., Simonetti M.T., Böttger E.C. Characterization of mycobacterial isolates phylogenetically related to, but different from, Mycobacterium simiae. J.Clin.Microbiol. 35:697-702, 1997.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Kroppenstedt R.M., Bartoloni A., Caroli G., Jan I., Pawlowsky J., Emler S. Mycobacterium tusciae sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 49:1839-1844, 1999.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Piersimoni C., Kroppenstedt R.M., Montoya-Burgos J.I., Reischl U., Giacometti A., Emler S. Mycobacterium doricum sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 51:2007-2012, 2001.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Bartoloni A., Böttger E.C., Emler S., Garzelli C., Magliano E., Mantella A., Rastogi N., Rindi L., Scarparo C., Urbano P. Burden of unidentifiable mycobacteria in a reference laboratory. J.Clin.Microbiol. 39:4058-4065, 2001.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E. Impact of genotypic studies on mycobacterial taxonomy: the new mycobacteria of the 1990s. Clin.Microbiol.Rev. 16:319-354, 2003.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Rindi L., Garcia M.J., Chiaradonna P., Dei R., Garzelli C., Kroppenstedt R.M., Lari N., Mattei R., Mariottini A., Mazzarelli G., Murcia M.I., Nanetti A., Piccoli P., Scarparo C. Proposal to elevate the genetic variant MAC-A, included in the Mycobacterium avium complex, to species rank as Mycobacterium chimaera sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1277-1285, 2004.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Rindi L., Goh K.S., Katila M.L., Mariottini A., Mattei R., Mazzarelli G., Suomalainen S., Torkko P., Rastogi N. Mycobacterium florentinum sp. nov., isolated from humans. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 55:1101-1106, 2005.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E. The new mycobacteria: an update. FEMS Immunol.Med.Microbiol. 48:159-178, 2006.

click here to read the paper Tortoli E., Baruzzo S., Heijdra Y., Klenk H.P., Lauria S., Mariottini A, van Ingen J. Mycobacterium insubricum sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:1518-1523, 2009.

click here to read the paper Trujillo M.E., Velazquez E., Kroppenstedt R.M., Schumann P., Rivas R., Mateos P.F., Martinez-Molina E. Mycobacterium psychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from pond water near a uranium mine. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1459-1463, 2004.

click here to read the paper Turenne C., Chedore P., Wolfe J., Jamieson F., Broukhanski G., May K., Kabani A. Mycobacterium lacus sp. nov., a new slow-growing non-chromogenic clinical isolate. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 52:2135-2140, 2002.

click here to read the paper Turenne C.Y., Thibert L., Williams K., Burdz T.V., Cook V.J., Wolfe J.N., Cockcroft D.W., Kabani A. Mycobacterium saskatchewanense sp. nov., a novel slowly growing scotochromogenic species from human clinical isolates related to Mycobacterium interjectum and Accuprobe-positive for Mycobacterium avium complex. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:659-667, 2004.

click here to read the paper Turenne C.Y., Cook V.J., Burdz T.V., Pauls R.J., Thibert L., Wolfe J.N., Kabani A. Mycobacterium parascrofulaceum sp. nov., novel slowly growing, scotochromogenic clinical isolates related to Mycobacterium simiae. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 54:1543-1551, 2004.

click here to read the paper van Ingen J., Boeree M.J., de Lange W.C.M., de Haas P.E.W., van der Zanden A.G.M., Mijs M., Rigouts L., Dekhuijzen P.N.R., van Soolingen D. Mycobacterium noviomagense sp. nov.; clinical relevance evaluated in 17 patients. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:845-849, 2009.

click here to read the paper van Ingen J., Al-Hajoj S.A., Boeree M., Al-Rabiah F., Enaimi M., de Zwaan R., Tortoli E., Dekhuijzen R., van Soolingen D. Mycobacterium riyadhense sp. nov., a non-tuberculous species identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by a commercial line-probe assay. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:1049-1053, 2009.

click here to read the paper van Ingen J., Boeree M.J., Kösters K., Wieland A., Tortoli E., Dekhuijzen P.N., van Soolingen D. Proposal to elevate Mycobacterium avium complex ITS sequevar MAC-Q to Mycobacterium vulneris sp. nov. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:2277-2282, 2009.

click here to read the paper van Ingen J., Lindeboom J.A., Hartwig N.G., de Zwaan R., Tortoli E., Dekhuijzen R.P., Boeree M.J., van Soolingen D. Mycobacterium mantenii sp. nov., a pathogenic, slowly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacterium. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 59:epub a.o.p., 2009.

click here to read the paper Vuorio R., Andersson M.A., Rainey F.A., Kroppenstedt R.M., Kämpfer P., Busse H.J., Viljanen M., Salkinoja Salonen M. A new rapidly growing mycobacterial species, Mycobacterium murale sp. nov., isolated from the indoor walls of a children's day care centre. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 49:25-35, 1999.

click here to read the paper Wayne L.G., Sramek H.A. Agents of newly recognized or infrequently encountered mycobacterial diseases. Clin.Microbiol.Rev. 5:1-25, 1992.

click here to read the paper Wayne L.G., Good R.C., Böttger E.C., Butler R., Dorsch M., Ezaki T., Gross W., Jonas V., Kilburn J., Kirschner P., Krichevsky M.I., Ridell M., Shinnick T.M., Springer B., Stackebrandt E., Tarnok I., Tarnok Z., Tasaka H., Vincent V., Warren N.G., Knott C.A., Johnson R. Semantide- and chemotaxonomy-based analyses of some problematic phenotypic clusters of slowly growing mycobacteria, a cooperative study of the International Working Group on Mycobacterial Taxonomy. Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol. 46:280-297, 1996.

 click here to read the paperWhipps C.M., Butler W.R., Pourahmad F., Watral V.G., Kent M.L. Molecular systematics support the revival of Mycobacterium salmoniphilum (ex Ross 1960) sp. nov., nom. rev., a species closely related to Mycobacterium chelonae. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 57:2525-2531, 2007.

click here to read the paper Willumsen P., Karlson U., Stackebrandt E., Kroppenstedt R.M. Mycobacterium frederiksbergense sp. nov., a novel polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading Mycobacterium species. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 51:1715-1722, 2001.

click here to read the paper Wilson R.W., Steingrube V.A., Böttger E.C., Springer B., Brown-Elliott B.A., Vincent V., Jost K.C., Jr., Zhang Y., Garcia M.J., Chiu S.H., Onyi G.O., Rossmoore H., Nash D.R., Wallace R.J., Jr. Mycobacterium immunogenum sp. nov., a novel species related to Mycobacterium abscessus and associated with clinical disease, pseudo-outbreaks and contaminated metalworking fluids: an international cooperative study on mycobacterial taxonomy. Int.J.Syst.Evol.Microbiol. 51:1751-1764, 2001.